predatory journals

Don’t fall prey to “predatory” journals

What are predatory journals?

Predatory journals are profiteering “individuals or companies”, who use the open-access publishing system to exploit authors, by charging them article processing fees without providing the high quality editorial services associated with legitimate journals [1].

How prevalent are they?

Predatory journals are on the rise; their publication volumes increased “from 53,000 in 2010 to an estimated 420,000 articles in 2014, published by around 8,000 active journals [2].”

How to identify predatory journals?

A list of predatory journals can be found here. However, as they are on the rise, it is worthwhile being able to spot the red flags yourself. Before you submit a manuscript, ask yourself the following:

  • Do you have a pay a submission charge? – Most reputable journals do not require authors to pay a submission charge.
  • How well is the journal indexed? – A reputable journal will be indexed in familiar online databases, e.g., DOAJ, PubMed, Science Citation Index, SCOPUS, EBSCO, Embase, etc.
  • Who is on the editorial board? – A reputable journal will have recognisable experts from established universities on the editorial board. However, predatory journals often fraudulently list academics without their consent – check online personal profiles to see if the academic in question lists themselves as an editorial board member for the journal.
  • Who is the journal’s publisher? – A reputable journal will use a recognisable publishing house, e.g., Springer, Wiley, Elsevier, Nature Publishing Group, Taylor & Francis, Sage, etc.
  • What are the journal’s peer-review practices? – A reputable journal will clearly describe its peer-review process.

An exhaustive list of ways to identify predatory journals can be found here.

What are the consequences of publishing in a predatory journal?

  • You will have to pay a fee, which can range from a few hundred to several thousand dollars [3].
  • As predatory journals have substandard (or no) peer review practices, you will lose out on proper evaluation of our paper. This could affect your scholarly reputation, which is directly based on the quality of your output.
  • It is extremely difficult to remove your paper from predatory journals and get it published elsewhere [4].
  • Often, predatory journals do not digitally preserve published papers.

More generally, predatory journals lower the standard of scientific output. They are an unfortunate by-product of the open access movement; however, by practicing vigilance, scholars can retain the benefits of open access, while maintaining a high standard of scientific output.

International Science Editing offers journal suggestions as part of their article editing service. See here for prices.


1. Beall J. Best practices for scholarly authors in the age of predatory journals. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2016 Feb;98(2):77–79.

2. Shen C, Björk BC. ‘Predatory’ open access: a longitudinal study of article volumes and market characteristics. BMC Med. 2015 Oct 1;13(1):230.

3. Günaydin GP, Dogan NÖ. A growing threat for academicians: fake and predatory journals. J Acad Emerg Med. 2015 Jun 1;14(2):94.

4. Beall, J. Predatory practices pose problems for new publishing models. Research Information. Weblog. 2014 Aug 6. Available from: [Accessed 29th April 2016].